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知识点:考研英语翻译中“表达观点”的译法

知识点:考研英语翻译中“表达观点”的译法


无论在中文行文或是英文表达的过程中,都会出现某个人表达自己的观点的情况。而考研英语翻译考查的句子中也不乏类似表达,那么下面我们就来看一下,在考研英语真题中,出现了哪些用于表达观点的词语。而对于这些表达,我们又该如何处理。

  这些词语根据意义可以分成两类:

▌第一类,直接译为“认为”的动词
 
  例1.Behaviorists, in contrast, say that differences in scores are due to the fact that blacks are often deprived of many of the educational and other environmental advantages that whites enjoy. (1990年65题)
  译文:相比而言,行为主义者认为……

  例2.Those who support the “nature” side of the conflict believe that our personalities and behavior patterns are largely determined by biological factors.(1990年62题)
  译文:那些在争论中支持“天性”一方的人们认为……

  例3.And it is imagined by many that the operations of the common mind can be by no means compared with these processes, and that they have to be acquired by a sort of special training. (1993年74题)
  译文:很多人认为……

  例4.Some philosophers argue that rights exist only within a social contract, as part of an exchange of duties and entitlements. (1997年72题)
  译文:有些哲学家认为……

  例5.The Greeks assumed that the structure of language had some connection with the process of thought, which took root in Europe long before people realized how diverse languages could be.(2004年61题)
  译文:希腊人认为……

  例6.Darwin was convinced that the loss of these tastes was not only a loss of happiness, but might possibly be injurious to the intellect, and more probably to the moral character.(2008年50题)
  译文:达尔文认为……

  其它出现表示“认为”的意义的句子还包括1994年的71题,1997年
  74题,2004年的65题和2008年的46题。

▌第二类词语,根据词语本身含义来表达观点

  例7.They want to explain why we possess certain characteristics and exhibit certain behaviors.(1990年61题)
  译文:他们想要解释……

  例8.Behaviorists suggest that the child who is raised in an environment where there are many stimuli which develop his or her capacity for appropriate responses will experience greater intellectual development.(1990年64题)
  译文:行为主义者建议……

  例9. “In short,” a leader of the new school contends, “the scientific revolution, as we call it, was largely the improvement and invention and use of a series of instruments that expanded the reach of science in innumerable directions.”(1994年72题)
  译文:简言之,一位新学派的领袖认为坚持称……

  例10.But that, Pearson points out, is only the start of man-machine integration:“It will be the beginning of the long process of integration that will ultimately lead to a fully electronic human before the end of the next century.”(2001年73题)
  译文:但是,皮尔森指出……

  例11.This alone demonstrates that the television business is not an easy world to survive in, a fact underlined by statistics that show that out of eighty European television networks, no less than 50% took a loss in 1989. (2005年48题)
  译文:仅这一点就证明……

  例12.He asserted, also, that his power to follow a long and purely abstract train of thought was very limited, for which reason he felt certain that he never could have succeeded with mathematics.(2008年47)
  译文:他也断言……

  例13.He adds humbly that perhaps he was “superior to the common run of men in noticing things which easily escape attention, and in observing them carefully.”(2008年49题)
  译文:他谦虚的补充道……

▌其他类型

  除了上述两类,我们仍需要注意的是,不仅是单个动词可以用于表达观点,有时长的词组也可以用来表达观点。

  例14.It may be said that the measure of the worth of any social institution is its effect in enlarging and improving experience, but this effect is not a part of its original motive.(2009年46题)
  译文:有人认为……

  例15.On the whole such a conclusion can be drawn with a certain degree of confidence, but only if the child can be assumed to have had the same attitude towards the test as the others with whom he is being compared, and only if he was not punished by lack of relevant information which they possessed.(1992年75题)
  译文:总体来说我们有信心得出这样的结论……

  例16.but we have at least drawn near the point of admitting that birds should continue as a matter of intrinsic right, regardless of the presence or absence of economic advantage to us。(2010年47题)
  译文:但是我们至少可以认为……

  同学们在准备考研翻译的过程中,不妨将这些词汇总结出来,在翻译的时候如果遇到表达观点的词汇,就可以直接使用,减少思考时间。

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